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Volume 16, Issue 61 (5-2017)                   علوم روانشناختی 2017, 16(61): 124-137 | Back to browse issues page

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Hossein Khanzadeh A. Comparing the problematic social situations in students with autism and mental retardation with normal students. علوم روانشناختی. 2017; 16 (61) :124-137
URL: http://psychologicalscience.ir/article-1-160-en.html
Gilan University
Abstract:   (1772 Views)
The results of several studies indicate that children with mental retardation and autism spectrum in facing with different social situations experience severe problems. However, the subtle differences between these children and normal peers in the response to different social conditions have been less studied. So the purpose of the present study was to comparing the problematic social situations in students with autism and mental retardation with normal students. This research is a causal-comparative study. 149 students with autism and mentally retardation were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method from Rasht city. Also 100 students with average intelligence were selected as the comparison group. To collect data, the Scale of Taxonomy of Problematic Social Situations for Children (Dodge, 1990) was used. The results of the analysis showed that there are significant difference between the groups of students in problematic social situations (p<0.001); this means that students with autism and mental retardation have more problems than normal students in components such as peer group entry, response to provocation, response to failure, response to success, social expectations, and teacher expectations. Based on the results of this study, students with autism, mental retardation and normal students, have different responses in different social situations that can be addressed in a comprehensive and regular planning for these children.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/07/8 | Accepted: 2019/07/8 | Published: 2019/07/8

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