Volume 15, Issue 57 (5-2016)                   علوم روانشناختی 2016, 15(57): 98-112 | Back to browse issues page

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Sheikh M, Moslemi Nejad M. Comparison of body image anxiety of athletic and nonathletic elder women: The mediator role of body index with relation to self-respect and body image anxiety. علوم روانشناختی. 2016; 15 (57) :98-112
URL: http://psychologicalscience.ir/article-1-199-en.html
University of Tehran
Abstract:   (191 Views)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of physical exercise on the body image concern in elder females, and also the mediating role of body mass index in the relationship between self-esteem and body image concern. From all elder females in Tehran, a sample consisting of 177 athletic elder females and 195 non-athletics elder females were recruited from restricts 2, 6, 22, and 4 in Tehran by cluster random sampling. Littleton's body image concern (2005), Rosenberg's self-esteem (1963), and individual information questionnaires were used to collect data. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated by measuring participant's heights and weights. Multiple analyzes of variance (MANOVA) was used to compare the dimensions of body image concern in the two groups. Also, the mediating role of body mass index in the relationship between self-esteem and body image concern were examined with regression analysis. Results of this study showed that body image concerns in athletic females were significantly lower in all subscales from non-athletic counterparts (P<0.001, F = -4.12). In other words, athletic elder females had both lower appearance dissatisfaction (P<0.001, F = -4.26) and lower social performance interference than athletic elder females (P<00.1, F = -3.73). Then, the only effect of body image dissatisfaction on self-esteem in this model was confirmed using regression indicators (P≤0.001, β = -042). The results related to the comparison of body image concerns in athletic and non-athletic elder females was aligned with many researches in this field showing fewer body image concerns followed by physical activity. But part of the results related to the mediating role of body mass index in the relationship between self-esteem and body image concern in elder female were inconsistent with many of the studies.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/07/16 | Accepted: 2019/07/16 | Published: 2019/07/16

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