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Volume 20, Issue 104 (11-2021)                   Journal of Psychological Science 2021, 20(104): 1437-1454 | Back to browse issues page

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Shojaei M, zangeneh motlagh F, zolfaghari A R. (2021). Evaluation of structural equation modeling explaining happiness based on health status, financial distress and social support with mediated role of self-esteem and positive thinking in middle-aged women. Journal of Psychological Science. 20(104), 1437-1454. doi:10.52547/JPS.20.104.1437
URL: http://psychologicalscience.ir/article-1-1001-en.html
Arak Branch
Abstract:   (1117 Views)
Background: According to the performed research, different variables effects on the middle-aged women happiness but health status, financial distress, social support, self-esteem and positive thinking role have ignored as the perfect modeling.
Aims: This research has performed for studying type of happiness, health status, financial distress, social support, self-esteem and positive thinking role in middle-aged women whom live in Arak.
Methods: This research has been as the descriptive, correlation and structural equations. Statistical society included women whom are 36-55 years old and live in Arak in 2019. 408 persons were selected for performing research. All of them filed in the public health questionnaires (Goldberg and Hiller, 1979), financial distress (Provitz et al., 2006) social support (Zimet et al., 1988) self-esteem (Rosenberg, 1963) positive thinking (Ingram and Wisnicki, 1988) and Oxford happiness (Hills and Argil, 2002). Pearson correlation methods and structural equations modeling were used for data analysis.
Results: The results indicated that health variable (0.12, 0.15 and 0.18) financial distress (-0.18, -0.36 and -0.22) and social support (0.46, 0.55 and 0.43) has significant effects on self-esteem, positive thinking and happiness. In addition, that self-esteem and positive thinking variables has direct and significant effects on happiness. The results indicated that three variables, health variable (0.13) financial distress (-0.10) social support (0.12) has indirect and significant effect on self-esteem, positive thought and happiness on middle-aged women.
Conclusion: Thhis modeling is used for improving middle-aged women happiness and the principles of happiness, different types of social support, health status, financial distress, self-esteem and positive thinking and effective antecedents can be addressed in educational, social and communication media. A systematic review of previous research reveals that many factors explain self-injury behaviors in individuals. The measurement of self-injury and its relevant statements is of great importance; however, this aspect is disregarded in Persian research.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/22 | Accepted: 2021/12/1 | Published: 2021/11/11

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This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)