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Volume 16, Issue 63 (12-2017)                   Journal of Psychological Science 2017, 16(63): 370-385 | Back to browse issues page

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Safaiean E, Alizadeh H, Farrokhi N. (2017). Prediction of executive functions of planning and self-control in children with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder based on parenting styles. Journal of Psychological Science. 16(63), 370-385.
URL: http://psychologicalscience.ir/article-1-140-en.html
Allameh Tabataba'i University , Elahe.safaeian@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2400 Views)
One of the major defects in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, is psychological disturbance of executive functions. It is almost impossible to discuss the problems of children, regardless of attitudes, behavioral and parenting practices. However, psychologists and theorists emphasize the role of parents and parenting practices, the lack of research on child-rearing practices and child psychiatry is significant.Therefore, This study aimed to investigate the relationship between parenting styles and self-control executive functions Planning-Organization in children with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder was. The research design was correlational prediction (regression). The study population was the whole student population, which referred to the Atiyeh Psychiatric Clinic. The samples that were selected, including 50 primary school students (15 girls and 35 boys) Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder were. In order to diagnose Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder, after receiving the diagnosis according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by a psychiatrist, parents of children questionnaires Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) (Achenbach, 1991) completed and children to determine the type of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder under review Integration Visual and Auditory Continuous Performance Test (IVA + PLUS) (Sandford & Turner, 2001) were used. Tools and other materials for children Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) (Wechsler,1974), Parenting Style and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) (Robinson, Mandleco, Olsen, & Hart, 2000), Cognitive Assessment System (CAS) (Naglieri & Das, 1997) and Self-control Rating Scale (SCRS) (Kendall & Wilcox, 1979), respectively. Hypotheses were tested using regression analysis. Results showed that mothers' parenting styles, Authoritarian style only meaningful contribution in the prediction variance explanation of its executive functions Planning Organization. As well as the mothers' parenting styles, only Permissive style meaningful contribution in the prediction self-control and its variance. Parenting styles predicted significant role in organizing and self-control variables do not have executive functions Planning. According to the study it can be concluded that children with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder whose mothers had been more Authoritarian, better performance in executive functions were organized planning. As well as children with Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder that their mothers were more permissive, had more self-control.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/07/7 | Accepted: 2019/07/7 | Published: 2019/07/7

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